The goat, or ‘capra’ in Latin is a fascinating mammal which has rightly placed itself in the hearts of the population, being a core part to the farming industry and being a loud greeter at many farm parks around the world. Even though they are loved by many people there are some facts that only goat enthusiasts will know, and you will know too by the end of this article.
There are over three hundred species of goat spanning over the world with Greece having the largest density of goats globally. Greece’s indigenous specie of goat is called the Vlahiki goat which is a direct descendant of the Capra Prisca wild goat of the island. Other species it holds in its borders are Skopelos goats which are greatly considered one of the most important species of goat in Greece, Greece also has a large collection of non-native breeds.
Goats have been a core accessory to the farming industry, they have been estimated to have been domesticated for around ten thousand years, as remains of these early domesticated species have been discovered in Iran which backs up this estimation. Goat remains have also been found in a variety of archaeological sites around the world including Jericho, Chonga and Djeitun, this means that it is likely that the domestication of goats in western Asia dates between eight thousand and nine thousand years.
Goats are an extremely versatile animal as they are useful both alive and dead, they provide a great source of milk, manure and fibre while alive but they can also provide meat and hide when they die. This particular animal is great for countries in poverty for that exact reason because they are sustainable and renewable and are a cheaper alternative to cattle in economically struggling countries.
The most expensive breed of goat is a Kamori, the breed is brown in colour and tends to have patches in its fur. This breed is from Pakistan and India, they are distinctive in body structure with long ears and neck. The Kamori breed typically costs around eighty thousand rupees or around eight hundred pounds, they cost this much because they are extremely rare and are very unique compared to other goat breeds.
Goat milk is one of the largest traded commodities which is produced from a goat in the world, it has many uses and is used in drinks as well as in skin care. Some of the uses include that it contains less lactose than cow’s milk, it’s full of important vitamins and minerals, it also naturally lowers cholesterol. Goats milk is also a gentle cleanser for the skin which is rich in fatty acids which help to build a healthy skin barrier which helps to keep the skin feeling moisturized for longer.
Goats have been a core aid for the human race for thousands of years, they have benefited us in many ways and have become a key commodity in the health industry. The goat is certainly a fascinating creature but we still as a species haven’t scratched the surface of learning everything about it and all its variants.